Neurofeedback is emerging as a psychophysiological treatment where self-regulation is achieved through online feedback of neural states. Novel personalized medicine approaches are particularly important for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as symptom presentation of the disorder, as well as responses to treatment, are highly heterogeneous. Learning to achieve control of specific neural substrates through neurofeedback has been shown to display therapeutic evidence in patients with a wide variety of psychiatric disorders, including PTSD. This article outlines the neural mechanisms underlying neurofeedback and examines converging evidence for the efficacy of neurofeedback as an adjunctive treatment for PTSD via both electroencephalography (EEG) and real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) modalities. Further, implications for the treatment of PTSD via neurofeedback in the military member and Veteran population is examined.
Andrew A. NicholsonRelated informationa Department of Psychological Research and Research Methods, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria , Tomas RosRelated informationb Neurology and Imaging of Cognition Lab, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland , Rakesh JetlyRelated informationc Canadian Forces Health Services Group, Department of National Defence, Government of Canada, Ottawa , Ruth A. LaniusRelated information
Paper can be read on Sebern's website which has a lot of resources.
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